Coin types


Types of collectible coins directory, links & resources

Antique coins directory of websites devoted to the hobby of old coin collecting. Antique coin auction,catalog of antique coins, old coin collectors clubs & sites, books, forums, museums for ancient coins online stores & dealers, medieval, Celtic, antique Roman coins.

Rare coins list of numismatic sites related to the specific hobby of rare coin collecting, look for resources: rare coin dealers, rare coin auctions, buyers of rare coins, magazines, rare collectible coins collector websites.

Bullion coins resources online for bullions, gold bullions, silver bullions, bullion coin dealers and buyers.

Error coins links to error coin online resources, error coin dealers, auctions, magazines, collector clubs for error coins.

Gold coins directory of websites related to gold coin collecting, buy gold coins online to reputable gold coin dealers categorized by country, gold coins collectors and clubs.

Silver coins links to webpages devoted to the hobby of collecting silver coins, silver coins auctions & colletor clubs, silver coin dealers by name & country, vams, silver dollar coins, etc.

Exonumia links & resources online for exonumia, coin medals, tokens, commemorative and challenge coins, elongated coins, exonumia books and grading services.

Bimetal coins numismatic directory of sites related to the hobby of collecting bimetalic coins.

Cameo proof coins list of sites selling proof coins, cameo coins, proof sets, US proof coins, etc.

Thematic coins resources for collectors of topical coins, thematic coin dealers, animals on coins, zodiac coins, sports on coins and other thematic collectible coins.

Reproduction coins directory of collectible coins replica manufacturers, reproduction coin dealers, historical coin replica, etc.


Exonumia are numismatic items which are not regular issue coins.  They are also defined “anything coin-like”.  Examples are medallions, tokens, casino chips, challenge coins, commemoratives, proof coins, among others.

Types of collectible coins

A coin collecting guide about the different types of collectable coins

Coin collecting for beginners can be both enjoyable and challenging.  Discovering coins of different sorts and class is fun but it may also be hard to maintain and organize a confused mixture of collectable coins. 

To avoid such difficulty, advanced collectors would often advice newbies to decide on what type of coins to collect and focus on it.

Different types of collectable coins

Business strikes or regular coins

Business strikes are the coins minted by a government mint for general circulation.  In other words, business strikes are the coins used as money by the public for day-to-day transactions. This type of coin is also called regular issue or commercial strike.

Rare coins

Rare coins are the coins which are scarce in supply.  These types are usually more expensive especially if they are famous rare coins. An example of is the 1933 Saint-Gaudens Double Eagle.  There is only one original specimen of 1933 Double Eagle in existence today and it is the most valuable coin in the world. Rare coins can be composed of different metals, some numismatists are specialized in collecting rare gold coins, others are in rare silver coins, etc..

Bullion coins

Bullion coins are made from precious metals; for example are gold coins, silver coins, and platinum coins.  These types of coins are collected and kept as a store of value or an investment.  They are usually paid for or sold at a premium (higher than the market price of the metal it is made from) because of several factors such as cost of manufacture and the existing demand for the coins.

Error coins

Coins with striking or mint mistakes are called error coins. Coins with striking errors are highly collectable or in demand because of their rarity.  A very common example of a mint error is the off-center strike wherein the design is stamped only on a portion of the coin.

Ancient coins or Antique coins

Ancient coins are the collectable coins minted during the early eras. An example is the Celtics coin, the known oldest coin is the Lydian Lion which was made around 600 BC.

During 400 BC, aside from being used as money, Roman coins were also considered transportable works of art.  Thus, it is believed that the hobby of coin collecting started in these times.  Today, many numismatists are passionate about ancient coins collecting and identifying Ancient Roman coins because ot its high coin values.

Exonumia

The definition of exonumia has been subject to confusion or debates.  The widely accepted definition is that exonumia are numismatic items not issued by the government for currency (like paper money and coins); others define it as “anything coin like”.

Examples are elongated coins, challenge coins, tokens, casino chips and medals.  The following are also believed to fall under exonumia:

Proof coins

A proof coin is a collectable coin struck using chemically treated dies resulting to coins with excellent luster and superior eye appeal.  Modern proof coins usually bear a cameo portrait which has a frosted or matte texture contrasting its exceptionally shiny surface.

Commemorative coins

Commems or commemorative coins collecting is also popular in numismatics.  Commemoratives coins are coins minted in memorial of important people or events among others.  An example is the 9/11 coin which was made in memory of the September 11 bombing of the Twin Towers in the US.

Reproduction coins

Reproduction coins are also called replica coins.  These are intently copied coins to be used as collectable items or souvenirs.  For them not to be mistaken as the real specimen, reproduction coins are inscribed with “replica” or other equivalent wording.

Thematic coins

Thematic coins are those which bear designs following a theme or pattern.  Common themes are wildlife on coins, sports coins, zodiac, romantic coins, presidential coins, etc.

Bimetal coins

Coins which consist of more than one metal or alloy (e.g. a coin with a copper center and a bronze outer ring) are called bimetal coins or bimetallic coins. This type of coin can be a mere collectable coin or a circulating coin.  The first modern circulating bimetal coin was the 500 Italian lire issued in 1982.

There may still be a plenty of collectable coins in the numismatic world.  The directory above contains a list of websites that feature various types of collectible coins.

Related articles:

Coin value guide, Know what are the recommended coin pricing catalogs and find free values of coins online.

How Celtic coins were produced, a numismatic article on how the Celtics coins were made. Read this article and understand how the Celts produced their coins.

Features of Celtic coins, the appearance of Celtic coins produced some of the surreal designs involved in most Celtic artworks. Read this article to know more about the characterists of Celtic coinage.