coin terms

Coin terms

Letter G


The large metal relief used in the portrait lathe from which a positive reduction in steel, called a hub, is made.


Adjectival description applied to Mint State and Proof-65 coins. It also is used for higher grades and as a generic term for a superb coin.

Gem Uncirculated (Gem Unc)
The adjectival equivalent of Mint State 65 or 66.

Gobrecht dollar

The silver dollars dated 1836, 1838, and 1839 struck in those years and restruck later (some 1836-dated coins were struck in 1837). These are named for their designer, Christian Gobrecht, Chief Engraver from 1840 to 1844 but defacto engraver when William Kneass suffered his stroke in 1835.

gold commem

Short for gold commemorative.

gold commemorative

Any of the eleven commemorate coins struck in gold from 1903 until 1925. Also, any of the modern United States commemorative gold issues, sometimes called modern gold commems.

gold dollar

The small coins of one dollar denomination struck from 1849 until 1889.


The adjective corresponding to the grades G-4 and G-6. Coins in these grades usually have little detail but outlined major devices. On some coins, the rims may be worn to the tops of some letters.


The numerical or adjectival condition of a coin.


An individual who evaluates the condition of coins.


The process of numerically quantifying the condition of a coin. Before the adoption of the Sheldon numerical system, coins were given descriptive grades such as Good, Very Good, Fine, and so forth.

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